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This is another type of subordinate clauses which can be recognized according to these connectors:

WHEN                                  (až, když)

AFTER                                 (až, potom co)

BEFORE                               (než, dříve než)

UNTIL/TILL                        (až, dokud ne)

AS LONG AS                       (pokud, do té doby,co)

JUST AS /AS SOON AS     (jakmile, hned jak)

WHILE                                 (zatímco, po dobu,co)

AS                                         (jak tak)

-       Other expressions: ONCE | THE MOMENT | THE MINUTE | BY THE TIME | THE DAY

Trouble is that in some languages it is usual to use future, but it is the mistake in English.

-       in a subordinate clause we must use present or past tense NOT future

-       if we start with a subordinate clause ,we need to write a comma (,)

When I come home, I will make lunch.  (the comma is necessary)

I will make lunch when I come home. (no comma)


!!! UNTIL/TILL – positive meaning in English x Czech!!!

I will not leave until you get back. Neodejdu, dokud se nevrátíš.


As long as I’m alive, I will love you. Do té doby co budu na živu, tě budu milovat.




Let me know when you will get there. Dej mi vědět, až se tam dostaneš.

 After some verbs the whole clause can be an object and therefore, future can be used.

  • know, mention, hope, understand, expect, decide, manage, think, report, ...


RECOMMENDATION: repeat the difference between 0 &1st conditional clauses

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