Past Simple & Continuous
Updated: Jul 8, 2022
Regular verbs - we add -ed ending to each verb (walk → walked, listen → listened, talk → talked)
Irregular verbs - we have to learn them (go → went, do → did, speak → spoke)
To see a list of more irregular verbs, go to >>>https://www.terceflmc.com/sourcesandmaterialsforsharing-terce/97b7a0c4-4a61-445f-8091-fa1577969025 <<<
Affirmative: subject + verb in the past
I told him the truth. She cooked it alone.
Negative: subject + didn't + verb in the present
I didn't tell him the truth. She didn't cook it alone.
Question: (question word) + did + subject + verb in the present
What did you tell him? Did she cook it alone?
Be careful about the verb ''be''. It creates questions and negatives alone without using ''did''.
BE → WAS / WERE
The verb ''be''in the past is usually followed by an adjective / an adverbial / an object (a pronoun, a name, a thing etc.)
Affirmative: I was at home yesterday. Our grandparents were happy. It was him.
Negative: It wasn't him. No one was at work last week. My friend wasn't content.
Question: Was it him? Were they satisfied with the results? Why wasn't your friend happy?
It is used to talk about a completed action or event at a specific time or over a particular time in the past: Our dog ran away yesterday.
It is used to talk about repeated actions in the past: He always brought a snack with him.
a definite point in time: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, two weeks ago
an indefinite point in time: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago
Affirmative: subject + was/were + verb with -ing
Negative: subject + wasn't /weren't + verb with -ing
Question: (question word) + was/were + subject + verb with -ing
It cannot be used with stative verbs
It is used to talk about a situation or action in progress around a point in time in the past: I was studying in Prague when the war in Ukraine started.
It is used to talk about a situation or action in progress that is interrupted by another event: I was crossing a street when a car crashed into a tram.
It is used to talk about two situations happening at the same time: While I was working, my children were playing in the garden.
It is used with always and forever to talk about repeated actions or behaviour: Our neighbours were always arguing in the evening.
He was forever asking me to go out with him despite the fact that he was dating somebody.
You can practise here: