Updated: Nov 3, 2022
Affirmative sentence: subject + verb
!!! in the 3rd person singular - he/she/ it + verb -s/-es/-ies!!!
I usually work from 9 to 5 o’clock.
My husband is always busy.
She works at Tesla.
He teaches at uni.
She never watches the news.
He carries his laptop in a leather bag. (carry --> carries)
Negative sentence: I / you / we / they + do not (don’t) + verb
He / she / it + does not (doesn’t) + verb
I don’t like to watch horrors.
She doesn’t need our help.
Martin and Marketa don’t get on well.
1) YES/ NO: Do + I / you / we / they + verb …?
Does + He / she / it + verb …?
Do you go to school?
Does she eat vegetables?
Do we need to book the tickets in advance?
2) WH/HOW: WH/HOW + I / you / we / they + verb …?
WH/HOW + Does + He / she / it + verb …?
Where do they study?
Which ice cream do you prefer?
How does she go to the office?
What does it mean?
Adverbs of frequency: never, rarely, occasionally, sometimes, usually, often, always
If you use these adverbs, be careful about their position in a sentence. The position depends on the verbs.
After the verb ‘BE’: I am usually very tired. She is often furious.
Before all other verbs: I usually spend time on my own.
In negative before the main verb: She doesn’t often speak with people.
The traditionally, neuter position for the adverbs is in the sentence. Some of these adverbs can be used outside the sentence, but it is usually for emphasizing.
Every day he comes home late.
He comes home late every day. (a neutral position for the adverbial phrase ‘every day’ is at the end)
Other adverbials if used at the beginning have some special word order. It is for example the adverbial ‘never’ after which inversion is applied.
Never do I smoke.
Never does she ask for my permission to borrow a car.
Other adverbs: rarely, seldom,
Repeated activities, hobbies
With stative verbs: https://www.terceflmc.com/post/stative-vs-dynamic-verbs
Things you never do
Task 1: Say what you do:
every morning at 7:30
Task 2: Describe your daily routine.
Task 3: Practice correct verb forms with Bruno Mars's song Just the Way You Are: https://www.eslsongs.com/bruno-mars-just-the-way-you-are/
Affirmative sentence: I + am + verb -ing
You / we / they + are + verb -ing
He / she / it + is + verb -ing
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